Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

eIF2α Phosphorylation in Response to Nutritional Deficiency and Stressors in the Aquaculture Fish, Rachycentron canadum

Version 1 : Received: 14 January 2022 / Approved: 18 January 2022 / Online: 18 January 2022 (10:39:48 CET)

How to cite: Liu, C.L.; Dasi, E.A.; Watson, A.M.; Place, A.R.; Jagus, R.N. eIF2α Phosphorylation in Response to Nutritional Deficiency and Stressors in the Aquaculture Fish, Rachycentron canadum. Preprints 2022, 2022010251 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0251.v1). Liu, C.L.; Dasi, E.A.; Watson, A.M.; Place, A.R.; Jagus, R.N. eIF2α Phosphorylation in Response to Nutritional Deficiency and Stressors in the Aquaculture Fish, Rachycentron canadum. Preprints 2022, 2022010251 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0251.v1).

Abstract

The present study investigates the response of the marine fish cobia, Rachycentron canadum, to stressors as measured by phosphorylation of the α-subunit of the translational initiation factor, eIF2. eIF2α is the target of phosphorylation by a family of kinases that respond to a range of physiological stressors. Phosphorylation of eIF2α not only inhibits overall protein synthesis, but allows cells to reprogram gene expression to adapt to, and recover from, stress. The deduced coding sequence of cobia eIF2α has 94 % identity to both zebrafish (Danio rerio) and human eIF2α sequences with identical phosphorylation and kinase docking sites. The present study uses a cobia cell line, Cm cells, derived from muscle, as well as cobia larvae to investigate the response of cobia eIF2α to various stressors. In Cm cells, phosphorylation of eIF2α is increased by nutrient deficiency, leucinol, and ER stress, consistent with the activation of the eIF2 kinases, GCN2, and PERK. In cobia juveniles, diet and water temperature affect the phosphorylation state of eIF2α. We conclude that evaluation of eIF2α phosphorylation could function as an early marker to evaluate diet, aquaculture stressors and disease in cobia and may be of particular use in the optimization of conditions for raising cobia larvae and juveniles.

Keywords

eIF2α; eIF2α-kinases; diets; stressors; Rachycentron canadum; cobia cells

Subject

BIOLOGY, Animal Sciences & Zoology

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