Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Nativity Status and Poly Tobacco Use among Young Adults in the United States

Version 1 : Received: 23 December 2021 / Approved: 29 December 2021 / Online: 29 December 2021 (14:46:13 CET)

How to cite: Okpala, P.C.; Rosario, C.; Dupont-Reyes, M.J.; Martin Romero, M.Y.; Alam, M.T.; Paivanas, H.; Echeverria, S.E. Nativity Status and Poly Tobacco Use among Young Adults in the United States. Preprints 2021, 2021120470 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0470.v1). Okpala, P.C.; Rosario, C.; Dupont-Reyes, M.J.; Martin Romero, M.Y.; Alam, M.T.; Paivanas, H.; Echeverria, S.E. Nativity Status and Poly Tobacco Use among Young Adults in the United States. Preprints 2021, 2021120470 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0470.v1).

Abstract

Introduction: Young adults are the second largest segment of the immigrant population in the United States (US). Given recent trends in later age of initiation of tobacco use, we examined variation in use of tobacco products by nativity status for this population group. Methods: Our study included young adults 18-30 years of age sampled in the National Health Interview Survey (2015-2019), a nationally representative sample of the US population. We calculated prevalence of use of any and 2 or more tobacco products (cigarettes, cigars, pipes, e-cigarettes, and smokeless tobacco) for foreign-born (n=3,096) and US-born (n=6,811) young adults. Logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex, race-ethnicity, education, and poverty, while accounting for the complex survey design. Results: Foreign-born young adults were significantly less likely to use any tobacco product (Cigarette = 7.3% vs 10.7%; Cigar= 1.8% vs 4.8%; E-cigarette= 2.3% vs 4.5%, respectively; p<0.01) or poly tobacco use (1.9% vs. 4.2%; p<0.01) than US-born young adults. Adjusted regression models showed lower odds of poly tobacco use among the foreign-born than their US-born counterparts (Odds Ratio = 0.41, (95% Confidence Interval: 0.26-0.63)). Conclusion: Findings highlight the importance of targeted interventions by nativity status and further tobacco prevention efforts needed for the US-born.

Keywords

poly tobacco; nativity; young adults

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Other

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