Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Expression of Genes Related to Plant Hormone Signal Transduction in Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Seedlings Under Salt Stress

Version 1 : Received: 29 November 2021 / Approved: 30 November 2021 / Online: 30 November 2021 (11:55:51 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yue, Y.; Wang, J.; Ren, W.; Zhou, Z.; Long, X.; Gao, X.; Rengel, Z. Expression of Genes Related to Plant Hormone Signal Transduction in Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Seedlings under Salt Stress. Agronomy 2022, 12, 163. Yue, Y.; Wang, J.; Ren, W.; Zhou, Z.; Long, X.; Gao, X.; Rengel, Z. Expression of Genes Related to Plant Hormone Signal Transduction in Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Seedlings under Salt Stress. Agronomy 2022, 12, 163.

Journal reference: Agronomy 2022, 12, 163
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy12010163

Abstract

Background: Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) is tolerant to salinity stress and has high economic value. The salt tolerance mechanisms of Jerusalem artichoke are still unclear. Especially in the early stage of Jerusalem artichoke exposure to salt stress, the plant physiology, biochemistry and gene transcription are likely to undergo large changes. Elucidating these changes may be of great significance to understanding the salt tolerance mechanisms of it. Results: We obtained high-quality transcriptome from leaves and roots of Jerusalem artichoke exposed to salinity (300 mM NaCl) for 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h, with 150,129 unigenes and 9023 DEGs (Differentially Expressed Genes). The RNA-seq data were clustered into time-dependent groups (nine clusters each in leaves and roots); gene functions were distributed evenly among the groups convergence. KEGG enrichment analysis showed the genes related to plant hormone signal transduction were enriched in almost all treatment comparisons. Under salt stress, genes belongs to PYL (abscisic acid receptor PYR / PYL family), PP2C (Type 2C protein phosphatases), GH3 (Gretchen Hagen3), ETR (ethylene receptor), EIN2/3 (ethylene-insensitive protein 2/3), JAZ (Genes such as jasmonate ZIM-domain gene) and MYC2 (Transcription factor MYC2) had extremely similar expression patterns. The results of qPCR of 12 randomly selected genes confirmed the accuracy of RNA-seq. Conclusions: Under the impact of high salinity (300mM) environment, Jerusalem artichoke in the seedling stage was difficult to survive for a long time, and the phenotype was severe in the short term. Based on the expression of genes on the time scale, we found that the distribution of gene functions in time is relatively even. Upregulation of the phytohormone signal transduction had a crucial role in the response of Jerusalem artichoke seedlings to salt stress, the genes of abscisic acid, auxin, ethylene, and jasmonic acid had the most obvious change pattern.

Keywords

Salt stress; Jerusalem artichoke; Time series analysis; RNA-seq

Subject

BIOLOGY, Plant Sciences

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