Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Unification through Generalised Proper Time: The Elementary Construction of the Theory

Version 1 : Received: 23 November 2021 / Approved: 24 November 2021 / Online: 24 November 2021 (13:11:05 CET)

How to cite: Jackson, D. Unification through Generalised Proper Time: The Elementary Construction of the Theory. Preprints 2021, 2021110459 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0459.v1). Jackson, D. Unification through Generalised Proper Time: The Elementary Construction of the Theory. Preprints 2021, 2021110459 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0459.v1).

Abstract

Unification based upon the generalisation of proper time is proposed as a comprehensive framework to account for the fundamental structure of matter, in a manner contrasting with the more familiar approach based on extra dimensions of space. The elementary properties of matter to be incorporated include the Standard Model of particle physics together with a source for the dark sector and a coherent formalism for quantum gravity. We elaborate upon the manner in which all such material phenomena and empirical properties as distributed in an extended 4-dimensional spacetime can be encompassed within, and derived from, the continuous flow of time alone via a generalised arithmetic form for infinitesimal intervals of proper time. This approach will also be compared and contrasted with the basic structure of causal set theory as a means of demonstrating how it is possible to construct a full physical theory essentially from elements of time alone, as explicitly developed from the most elementary level. The conception of time as utilised and elucidated in this theory, with emphasis upon the causal continuum properties and as the basis for unification, will be clarified.

Keywords

Unification; extra dimensions; causal sets; proper time; Standard Model; dark sector; quantum gravity

Subject

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, Particle & Field Physics

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