Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Collaborative Workplace Design: a Knowledge-Based Approach to Promote Human-Robot Integration and Multi-Objective Layout Optimization

Version 1 : Received: 10 November 2021 / Approved: 12 November 2021 / Online: 12 November 2021 (17:17:02 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Rega, A.; Di Marino, C.; Pasquariello, A.; Vitolo, F.; Patalano, S.; Zanella, A.; Lanzotti, A. Collaborative Workplace Design: A Knowledge-Based Approach to Promote Human–Robot Collaboration and Multi-Objective Layout Optimization. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 12147. Rega, A.; Di Marino, C.; Pasquariello, A.; Vitolo, F.; Patalano, S.; Zanella, A.; Lanzotti, A. Collaborative Workplace Design: A Knowledge-Based Approach to Promote Human–Robot Collaboration and Multi-Objective Layout Optimization. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 12147.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 12147
DOI: 10.3390/app112412147

Abstract

The innovation driven Industry 5.0, in agreement with Industry 4.0, leads to consider human in a prominence position as the center of manufacturing field. This pushes towards the hybridization of manufacturing plants promoting a fully collaboration between human and robot. Furthermore, the new paradigm of "human centred design" and "anthropocentric design" allows enabling a synergistic combination of human and robot skills. However, properly collaborative workplaces are currently very few. Industry is still not confident, and systems integrators hesitate to venture into Human-Robot Collaboration (HRC). Despite the effort in collaborative robotics, a general solution to overcome the current limitations in designing of collaborative workplaces still misses. In the current work, a Knowledge-Based Approach (KBA) is adopted to face collaborative workplace designing problem. The framework resulting from the KBA allows developing a modelling paradigm that enable to define a streamlined approach for the layout designing of a collaborative workplace. Finally, a what-if analysis and a ANOVA analysis are performed to generate and evaluate a set of scenarios related to a collaborative workplace for quality inspection of welded parts. Facing the high complexity and multidisciplinary of HRC can be conveyed to develop a general design approach aimed at overcoming the difficulties that limit the spread of HRC in the manufacturing field.

Keywords

Collaborative robotics; Human-Robot Collaboration (HRC); Knowledge-Based Approach (KBA); collaborative workplace design; systematic layout planning; digital layout optimization; what-if analysis.

Subject

ENGINEERING, Marine Engineering

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