Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Biogenic Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide using Hibiscus sabdariffa L. as Natural Precursor

Version 1 : Received: 9 November 2021 / Approved: 11 November 2021 / Online: 11 November 2021 (12:30:49 CET)

How to cite: Albert, E.L.; Tan, E.K.M.; Teh, H.F.; Mei, T.N.L.; Abdullah, C.A.C. The Biogenic Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide using Hibiscus sabdariffa L. as Natural Precursor. Preprints 2021, 2021110209 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0209.v1). Albert, E.L.; Tan, E.K.M.; Teh, H.F.; Mei, T.N.L.; Abdullah, C.A.C. The Biogenic Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide using Hibiscus sabdariffa L. as Natural Precursor. Preprints 2021, 2021110209 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0209.v1).

Abstract

Owing to their extraordinary properties, carbon-based nanomaterials are gaining traction in biomedicine. Green synthesis is the cost-effective method for fabricating carbon-based nanomaterials due to its rapidity, renewable nature, and sustainability. This study emphasis on the graphene oxide (GO) reduction using a simple one-pot technique that does not require the use of toxic reducing agents. This article reports the green synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) using Hibiscus sabdariffa L. calyxes extract as the natural reducing agent. Additionally, this article also provides analysis RGO using X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), and Raman spectroscopy. XRD result showed that the GO peak at 11o diminished, and a new hump appear at 22o indicating that the GO is fully reduced when it is refluxed for 6 hours, at 100oC with 1:3 ratio of GO:PE. The UV-Vis data indicated absorption peak of GO (237 nm) and RGO (265 nm) at distinct locations. This finding shed new light on the enormous potential of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. calyxes extract for green GO reduction. As a result, this environmentally friendly method can help reduce dependence on chemical materials.

Keywords

Graphene oxide; Green synthesis; Reduced graphene oxide; Hibiscus sabdariffa L. calyxes extracts

Subject

MATERIALS SCIENCE, Nanotechnology

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