Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Moiré Superconductivity and the Roeser-Huber Formula

Version 1 : Received: 9 November 2021 / Approved: 9 November 2021 / Online: 9 November 2021 (12:35:15 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 12 February 2023 / Approved: 13 February 2023 / Online: 13 February 2023 (04:32:32 CET)

How to cite: Koblischka, M. R.; Koblischka-Veneva, A. Moiré Superconductivity and the Roeser-Huber Formula. Preprints 2021, 2021110165. Koblischka, M. R.; Koblischka-Veneva, A. Moiré Superconductivity and the Roeser-Huber Formula. Preprints 2021, 2021110165.


As shown previously, a relation between the superconducting transition temperature and some characteristic distance in the crystal lattice holds, which enables the calculation of the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, based only on the knowledge of the electronic configuration and of some details of the crystallographic structure. This relation was found to apply for a large number of superconductors, including the high-temperature superconductors, the iron-based materials, alkali fullerides, metallic alloys, and element superconductors. When applying this scheme called Roeser-Huber formula to Moiré-type superconductivity, i.e., magic-angle twisted bi-layer graphene (tBLG) and bi-layer WSe2, we find that the calculated transition temperatures for tBLG are always higher than the available experimental data, e.g., for the magic angle 1.1∘, we find Tc≈ 4.2–6.7 K. Now, the question arises why the calculation produces larger Tc’s. Two possible scenarios may answer this question: (1) The given problem for experimentalists is the fact that for electric measurements always substrates/caps are required to arrange the electric contacts. When now discussing superconductivity in atomically thin objects, also these layers may play a role forming the Moiré patterns. The consequence of such substrate-induced super-Moiré patterns is that the resulting Moiré pattern always will show a larger cell size, and thus, a lower Tc of the final structure will result. (2) A correction factor to the Roeser-Huber formalism may be required to account for the low charge carrier density of the tBLG. Here, we test both scenarios and find that the introduction of a correction factor η enables a proper calculation of Tc, reproducing the experimental data. We find that η depends exponentially on the value of Tc.


Moiré Superconductors; twisted bilayer graphene; WSe2; superconducting transition temperature; Roeser-Huber formula


Physical Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 13 February 2023
Commenter: Michael Koblischka
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: The manuscript is now converted into a full review of the superconducting properties of Moiré superconductors
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