Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

N1-Methyladenosine (m1A) Regulator-Mediated Methylation Modification Modes and Tumor Microenvironment Infiltration Characteristics in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas

Version 1 : Received: 29 October 2021 / Approved: 1 November 2021 / Online: 1 November 2021 (10:39:51 CET)

How to cite: Miao, Y.; Mu, L.; Tang, X.; Wang, J.; Wu, J.; Chen, Y.; Mi, D. N1-Methyladenosine (m1A) Regulator-Mediated Methylation Modification Modes and Tumor Microenvironment Infiltration Characteristics in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas. Preprints 2021, 2021110004 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0004.v1). Miao, Y.; Mu, L.; Tang, X.; Wang, J.; Wu, J.; Chen, Y.; Mi, D. N1-Methyladenosine (m1A) Regulator-Mediated Methylation Modification Modes and Tumor Microenvironment Infiltration Characteristics in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas. Preprints 2021, 2021110004 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0004.v1).

Abstract

Background: Recent researches have investigated the biological importance of RNA N1-methyladenosine (m1A) modifications in oncogenesis and progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, whether m1A modifications also have latent effect in tumor microenvironment (TME) generation and immune regulation in HNSCC is unknown. Methods: We evaluated the m1A modification patterns and related to these modification patterns with TME cell infiltration features in 1041 HNSCC samples by bioinformatics approach. Results: The m1A score is an independent prognostic indicator. HNSCC patients with low m1A score group with poor overall survival (OS) was mainly characterized by stroma activation, lack of sufficient immune infiltration, and exhibited an immune- desert TME phenotype. Low m1A scores were also correlated with increased tumor mutation burden (TMB), and HNSCC patients with high TMB and low m1A scores had the worst OS. In addition, anti-CTLA-4 combined with anti-PD1 treatment was more effective in the high m1A score subgroup than in the low m1A score subgroup. Conclusions: This study revealed that m1A modifications play a non-negligible role in developing the TME versatility and complexity of HNSCC. Assessing m1A modification patterns in HNSCC helps improve our comprehension of its TME infiltration profile and guides more effective immunotherapeutic approaches.

Keywords

m1A; Tumor microenvironment; PD-1/PD-L1; CTLA-4; Tumor Mutation Burden; Bioinformatics Analysis

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Oncology & Oncogenics

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