Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

UN SDGs Implementation Level in the Urban Sector in Korea: Focusing on a Framework Application Based on Relative Efficiency Theory

Version 1 : Received: 26 October 2021 / Approved: 27 October 2021 / Online: 27 October 2021 (12:30:11 CEST)

How to cite: Yoo, J.; Choi, M.; Byun, B. UN SDGs Implementation Level in the Urban Sector in Korea: Focusing on a Framework Application Based on Relative Efficiency Theory. Preprints 2021, 2021100405 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0405.v1). Yoo, J.; Choi, M.; Byun, B. UN SDGs Implementation Level in the Urban Sector in Korea: Focusing on a Framework Application Based on Relative Efficiency Theory. Preprints 2021, 2021100405 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0405.v1).

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation level of urban Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Republic of Korea and to measure the extent of internal and external impacts on the implementation level. An evaluation framework was established based on relative efficiency theory, and the implementation level of urban SDGs at the local government unit in the Republic of Korea was examined by performing an analysis of each stage. First, in reference to the 2018 cross-section, the implementation level of target 11.2 (public transportation) was assessed as excellent across the country, compared with the implementation level of targets 11.5 (disaster safety), 11.6 (environment), and 11.7 (public space), which were assessed as needing improvement. Second, the factors positively impacting the implementation level of target 11.2 were urban population, GRDP, financial independence, urbanization area, and bus-only lanes, whereas the factors positively impacting the implementation level of target 11.5 were population density and GRDP. The positive factors influencing the implementation level of target 11.6 (air quality sector) were found to be GRDP, financial independence, administrative area, and renewable energy generation, whereas the effective factors of the implementation level of target 11.6 (waste management sector) were analyzed as GRDP, financial independence, and the population density of households in the waste management area. The positive factors influencing the implementation level of target 11.7 were GRDP, financial independence, administrative area, and green area.

Keywords

UN SDGs; urban agenda; goal 11; relative efficiency; data envelopment analysis (DEA)

Subject

SOCIAL SCIENCES, Other

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