Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Optimal Configuration and Sizing of Seaport Microgrids including Renewable Energy and Cold Ironing – The Port of Aalborg Case Study

Version 1 : Received: 19 October 2021 / Approved: 21 October 2021 / Online: 21 October 2021 (08:53:44 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Bakar, N.N.A.; Guerrero, J.M.; C. Vasquez, J.; Bazmohammadi, N.; Othman, M.; Rasmussen, B.D.; Al-Turki, Y.A. Optimal Configuration and Sizing of Seaport Microgrids including Renewable Energy and Cold Ironing—The Port of Aalborg Case Study. Energies 2022, 15, 431. Bakar, N.N.A.; Guerrero, J.M.; C. Vasquez, J.; Bazmohammadi, N.; Othman, M.; Rasmussen, B.D.; Al-Turki, Y.A. Optimal Configuration and Sizing of Seaport Microgrids including Renewable Energy and Cold Ironing—The Port of Aalborg Case Study. Energies 2022, 15, 431.

Journal reference: Energies 2022, 15, 431
DOI: 10.3390/en15020431

Abstract

Microgrid is one of the promising green transition technologies that will provide enormous benefit to the seaport, as a solution to the major concerns in this sector, namely energy crisis, economical and environmental pollution. However, finest design of the microgrid is a challenging task considering different objectives, constraints and uncertainties involved. To ensure the optimal operation of the system, determining the right configuration framework and size for each component in the seaport microgrid at the minimum cost is a vital decision at the design stage. This paper aims to design a hybrid system of seaport microgrid with optimally sized component .The selected case study is the Port of Aalborg, Denmark. The proposed grid-connected structure consists of renewable energy sources (photovoltaic system and wind turbines), an energy storage system and cold ironing as seaport’ loads. The architecture is then optimized by utilizing HOMER to meet the maximum load demand by considering a few parameters such as solar global horizontal irradiance, temperature and wind resources. Then, the best configuration framework is analyzed in terms of economic feasibility, energy reliability and environmental impact.

Keywords

Cold ironing; energy management system; optimal sizing; renewable energy sources; seaport microgrids; maritime

Subject

ENGINEERING, Marine Engineering

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.