: Received: 30 September 2021 / Approved: 4 October 2021 / Online: 4 October 2021 (14:20:15 CEST)
: Received: 5 October 2021 / Approved: 6 October 2021 / Online: 6 October 2021 (11:48:50 CEST)
: Received: 11 October 2021 / Approved: 13 October 2021 / Online: 13 October 2021 (15:39:34 CEST)
Hernández-Soto, A.; Chacón-Cerdas, R. RNAi Crop Protection Advances. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2021, 22, 12148.
Hernández-Soto, A.; Chacón-Cerdas, R. RNAi Crop Protection Advances. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 12148.
RNAi technology is a versatile, effective, safe, and eco-friendly alternative for crop protection. There is plenty of evidence of its use through host-induced gene silencing (HIGS) and spray-induced gene silencing (SIGS) techniques to control viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, and nematodes. For SIGS, its most significant challenge is achieving stability and avoiding premature degradation of RNAi in the environment or during its absorption by the target organism. One alternative is encapsulation in liposomes, virus-like particles, polyplex nanoparticles, and bioclay, which can be obtained through the recombinant production of RNAi in vectors, transgenesis, and micro/nanoencapsulation. The materials must be safe, biodegradable, and stable in multiple chemical environments, favoring the controlled release of RNAi. Most of the current research on encapsulated RNAi focuses primarily on oral delivery to control insects by silencing essential genes. The regulation of RNAi technology focuses on risk assessment using different approaches; however, this technology has positive economic, environmental, and human health implications for its use in agriculture. The emergence of alternatives combining RNAi gene silencing with the induction of resistance in crops by elicitation and metabolic control is expected, as well as multiple silencing and biotechnological optimization of its large-scale production.
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