Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Forecasting Young Apple Tree Bud Status with a Visible/Near-Infrared Spectrometer

Version 1 : Received: 15 September 2021 / Approved: 16 September 2021 / Online: 16 September 2021 (16:33:12 CEST)

How to cite: Botirov, A.; Arakawa, O.; Zhang, S. Forecasting Young Apple Tree Bud Status with a Visible/Near-Infrared Spectrometer. Preprints 2021, 2021090294 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0294.v1). Botirov, A.; Arakawa, O.; Zhang, S. Forecasting Young Apple Tree Bud Status with a Visible/Near-Infrared Spectrometer. Preprints 2021, 2021090294 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0294.v1).

Abstract

Being able to ascertain the physiological condition of the buds on a young apple tree before bud burst could help farmers manage their orchards more efficiently, especially if they could do so without destroying the buds in the process. The experiments carried out in this study were conducted with the aim of distinguishing shoot from non-shoot buds before bud burst using a visible/near-infrared spectrometer, a device that does not destroy the buds being tested. Tests on spring-planted (April 30, 2021) trees were conducted to check shoot and non-shoot bud physiology and the winter dormancy of young ‘Jonagold’, ‘Miyabi Fuji’ and ‘Orin’ apple trees. The light absorbance of the shoot buds before bud burst was much lower than the light absorbance of the non-shoot buds as checked on the visible/near-infrared spectrometer. The highest first factor effect was determined by a PCA test conducted on shoot and non-shoot ‘Jonagold’ buds (99.9%) at a range of 640-652 nm, ‘Miyabi Fuji’ buds (99.7%) at 654-680 nm and ‘Orin’ buds (99.6%) at 704-766 nm seven days before bud burst. We also found that the highest level of accuracy, using the Classifier analysis, between shoot and non-shoot ‘Jonagold’ buds (76.6%) was one day before bud burst, for ‘Miyabi Fuji’ buds (82.1%) it was three days before and for ‘Orin’ buds (76.3%) it was two days before. These findings suggest that growers can more effectively manage the development of the young trees in their orchards with a visible/near-infrared spectrometer.

Keywords

bud burst; Classification type; shoot bud; non-shoot bud; ‘Jonagold’; ‘Miyabi Fuji’; ‘Orin’.

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