Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Finite Element Analysis-Aided Optimization of Rectangular Coil Assemblies Applied in Electric Vehicle Inductive Chargers

Version 1 : Received: 12 September 2021 / Approved: 13 September 2021 / Online: 13 September 2021 (15:57:55 CEST)

How to cite: Zhu, G.; Gao, D. Finite Element Analysis-Aided Optimization of Rectangular Coil Assemblies Applied in Electric Vehicle Inductive Chargers. Preprints 2021, 2021090222 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0222.v1). Zhu, G.; Gao, D. Finite Element Analysis-Aided Optimization of Rectangular Coil Assemblies Applied in Electric Vehicle Inductive Chargers. Preprints 2021, 2021090222 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0222.v1).

Abstract

Energy efficiency and leakage magnetic field (LMF) are two important issues in electric vehicle inductive chargers. In this work, the maximum achievable coil efficiency and the corresponding LMF strength are formulated as functions of hardware parameters, and figure of merits (FOM) are proposed for assessing the efficiency and LMF performance of the coil assembly pair. The impacts of the coil assemblies’ geometric parameters on both FOMs are examined with the aid of finite element analysis (FEA), and measures to improve the FOMs are extracted from FEA results. A coil assembly pair is manually optimized within given dimensional limits. Compared with the initial design, the optimized one achieves higher efficiency and lower LMF strength while consuming less copper. The performance improvement is verified by FEA results and experimental data measured on an 85 kHz electric vehicle inductive charger prototype. The key measures for coil assembly optimization are summarized.

Keywords

efficiency; electric vehicle; finite element analysis; inductive charger; optimization

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