Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Optimal Power Dispatch in Energy Systems Considering Grid Constraints

Version 1 : Received: 8 September 2021 / Approved: 13 September 2021 / Online: 13 September 2021 (12:07:48 CEST)

How to cite: Rubio, A.; Schuldt, F.; Klement, P.; von Maydell, K. Optimal Power Dispatch in Energy Systems Considering Grid Constraints. Preprints 2021, 2021090211 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0211.v1). Rubio, A.; Schuldt, F.; Klement, P.; von Maydell, K. Optimal Power Dispatch in Energy Systems Considering Grid Constraints. Preprints 2021, 2021090211 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0211.v1).

Abstract

As a consequence of the increasing share of renewable energies and sector coupling technologies, new approaches are needed for the study, planning, and control of modern energy systems. Such new structures may add extra stress to the electric grid, as is the case with heat pumps and electrical vehicles. Therefore, the optimal performance of the system must be estimated considering the constraints imposed by the different sectors. In this research, a dispatch optimization method with an iterative grid constraint generation, decoupled from the linear unit commitment problem, is employed. From the considered scenarios, it was found that in a typical German neighborhood with 150 households, PV penetration of ∼5kWp per household can lead to curtailment of ∼60MWh per year due to line loading. Furthermore, the proposed method eliminates grid violations due to the addition of new sectors reducing the curtailment up to 60%. With the optimization of the heat pump operation, an increase of 7% of the self-consumption was achieved with similar results for the combination of battery systems and electrical vehicles. In conclusion, a safer and optimal operation of a complex energy system is fulfilled. Safer control strategies and more accurate plant sizing could be derived from this work.

Keywords

sector coupling; optimal power flow; energy system optimization; grid flexibilization; oemof-Solph; PowerFactory

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