Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Selenium-Containing Exopolysaccharides Isolated from the Culture Medium of Lentinula edodes: Structure and Biological Activity

Version 1 : Received: 6 September 2021 / Approved: 9 September 2021 / Online: 9 September 2021 (07:59:55 CEST)

How to cite: Górska, S.; Klimaszewska, M.; Podsadni, P.; Kaleta, B.; Zagozdzon, R.; Górska, S.; Gamian, A.; Strączek, T.; Kapusta, C.; Cieślak, M.; Kazimierczak-Barańska, J.; Nawrot, B.; Turło, J. Selenium-Containing Exopolysaccharides Isolated from the Culture Medium of Lentinula edodes: Structure and Biological Activity. Preprints 2021, 2021090165 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0165.v1). Górska, S.; Klimaszewska, M.; Podsadni, P.; Kaleta, B.; Zagozdzon, R.; Górska, S.; Gamian, A.; Strączek, T.; Kapusta, C.; Cieślak, M.; Kazimierczak-Barańska, J.; Nawrot, B.; Turło, J. Selenium-Containing Exopolysaccharides Isolated from the Culture Medium of Lentinula edodes: Structure and Biological Activity. Preprints 2021, 2021090165 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0165.v1).

Abstract

In continuation of our research on the influence of selenium incorporation on the biosynthesis, structure, immunomodulatory and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides of fungal origin, we have isolated from a post-culture medium of Lentinula edodes a selenium (Se)-containing exopolysaccharide fraction composed mainly of a highly branched 1-6-α-mannoprotein of molecular weight 4.5x106 Da, with 15% protein component. The structure of this fraction resembled mannoproteins isolated from yeast and other mushroom cultures, but it was characterized by a significantly higher molecular weight. X-ray absorption fine structure spectral analysis in the near edge region (XANES) suggested that selenium in the Se-exopolysaccharide structure was present mainly at the IV oxidation state. The simulation analysis in the EXAFS region suggested the presence of two oxygen atoms in the region surrounding the selenium. On the grounds of our previous studies, we hypothesized that selenium-enriched exopolysaccharides would possess higher biological activity than the non-Se-enriched reference fraction. To perform structure-activity studies, we conducted the same tests of biological activity as for previously obtained mycelial Se-polyglucans. The Se-enriched exopolysaccharide fraction significantly enhanced cell viability when incubated with normal (human umbilical vein endothelial cells, HUVEC) cells (but this effect was absent for malignant human cervical HeLa cells) and this fraction also protected the cells from oxidative stress conditions. The results of tests on the proliferation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells suggested a selective immunosuppressive activity, like previously tested Se-polyglucans isolated from L. edodes mycelium. The Se-exopolysaccharide fraction, in concentrations of 10-100 µg/ml, inhibited human T lymphocyte proliferation induced by mitogens, without significant effects on B lymphocytes. As with previously obtained Se-polyglucans, in the currently tested Se-polymannans the selenium content increased the biological activity. However, the activity of selenium exopolysaccharides in all tests was significantly lower than that of previously tested mycelial isolates - most likely due to a different mode of selenium binding and its higher degree of oxidation.

Keywords

Lentinula edodes; selenopolysaccharides; selenoorganic compounds; Se-exopolysaccharides; mannans

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