Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Rodents During Active and Quiescent Periods in the Plague Focus in Exu, Northeastern Brazil

Version 1 : Received: 30 August 2021 / Approved: 1 September 2021 / Online: 1 September 2021 (14:28:58 CEST)

How to cite: Fernandes, D.L.R.D.S.; Bezerra, M.F.; Duarte, B.M.; Silva, M.P.D.F.; Souza, H.D.A.; Gomes, E.C.D.S.; ALMEIDA, A. Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Rodents During Active and Quiescent Periods in the Plague Focus in Exu, Northeastern Brazil. Preprints 2021, 2021090022 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0022.v1). Fernandes, D.L.R.D.S.; Bezerra, M.F.; Duarte, B.M.; Silva, M.P.D.F.; Souza, H.D.A.; Gomes, E.C.D.S.; ALMEIDA, A. Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Rodents During Active and Quiescent Periods in the Plague Focus in Exu, Northeastern Brazil. Preprints 2021, 2021090022 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0022.v1).

Abstract

The plague caused by the Yersinia pestis bacterium is primarily a flea-transmitted zoonosis of rodents that can also be conveyed to humans and other mammals. In this work, we analyzed the spatial and temporal distribution of rodents’ populations during active and quiescent periods of the plague in the municipality of Exu, northeastern Brazil. The geospatial analyses had shown that all rodent species occurred through the whole territory of the municipality with different hotspots for the risk of occurrence of the different species. Important fluctuation in the rodent populations was observed with a reduction in the wild rodent fauna following the end of a plague epidemic period, mostly represented by Necromys lasiurus and increase of the commensally species Rattus rattus. A higher abundance of rats might lead to an increased exposure of humans populations, favoring spillovers of plague and other rodent-borne diseases. Our analysis contributed to further highlight the role of the wild rodent species as the amplifier hosts and of the commensally rats (Rattus rattus) as the preserver hosts on the quiescent period on that transmission infection area.

Keywords

Rodentia; Plague; Yersinia pestis; Zoonoses; Diseases reservoirs

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