Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Characteristic Length Scale during the Time Evolution of a Turbulent Bose-Einstein Condensate

Version 1 : Received: 20 August 2021 / Approved: 23 August 2021 / Online: 23 August 2021 (12:13:25 CEST)

How to cite: Madeira, L.; García-Orozco, A.D.; Moreno-Armijos, M.A.; dos Santos, F.E.A.; Bagnato, V.S. Characteristic Length Scale during the Time Evolution of a Turbulent Bose-Einstein Condensate. Preprints 2021, 2021080431 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0431.v1). Madeira, L.; García-Orozco, A.D.; Moreno-Armijos, M.A.; dos Santos, F.E.A.; Bagnato, V.S. Characteristic Length Scale during the Time Evolution of a Turbulent Bose-Einstein Condensate. Preprints 2021, 2021080431 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0431.v1).

Abstract

Quantum turbulence is characterized by many degrees of freedom interacting non-linearly to produce disordered states, both in space and time. The advances in trapping, cooling, and tuning the interparticle interactions in atomic Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) make them excellent candidates for studying quantum turbulence. In this work, we investigate the decaying regime of quantum turbulence in a trapped BEC. Although much progress has been made in understanding quantum turbulence, other strategies are needed to overcome some intrinsic difficulties. We present an alternative way of investigating this phenomenon by defining and computing a characteristic length scale, which possesses relevant characteristics to study the establishment of the quantum turbulent regime. One intrinsic difficulty related to these systems is that absorption images of BECs are projected to a plane, thus eliminating some of the information present in the original momentum distribution. We overcome this difficulty by exploring the symmetry of the cloud, which allows us to reconstruct the three-dimensional momentum distributions with the inverse Abel transform. We present our analysis with both the two- and three-dimensional momentum distributions, discussing their similarities and differences. We argue that the characteristic length allows us to visualize the time evolution of the turbulent state intuitively.

Keywords

quantum turbulence; Bose-Einstein condensate; out-of-equilibrium

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