Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

On the Vacuum Energy of the Universe at the Galaxy Level, the Cosmological Level and the Quantum Level

Version 1 : Received: 5 August 2021 / Approved: 6 August 2021 / Online: 6 August 2021 (11:16:52 CEST)

How to cite: Roza, E. On the Vacuum Energy of the Universe at the Galaxy Level, the Cosmological Level and the Quantum Level . Preprints 2021, 2021080159 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0159.v1). Roza, E. On the Vacuum Energy of the Universe at the Galaxy Level, the Cosmological Level and the Quantum Level . Preprints 2021, 2021080159 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0159.v1).

Abstract

It is shown that the Lambda component in the cosmological Lambda-CDM model can be conceived as vacuum energy, consisting of gravitational particles subject to Heisenberg’s energy-time uncertainty. These particles can be modelled as elementary polarisable Dirac-type dipoles (“darks”) in a fluidal space at thermodynamic equilibrium, with spins that are subject to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. Around the baryonic kernels, uniformly distributed in the universe, the spins are polarized, thereby invoking an increase of the effective gravitational strength of the kernels. It explains the dark matter effect of galaxies to the extent that a numerical value of Milgrom’s acceleration constant can be assigned by theory. Non-polarized vacuum particles beyond the baryonic kernels compose the dark energy at the cosmological level. The result is an interpretation of gravity at the quantum level in terms of quantitatively established shares in baryonic matter, dark matter and dark energy, which correspond with the values of the Lambda-CDM model.

Keywords

Milgrom’s acceleration constant; Bekenstein-Hawking entropy; gravitational dipole; dark matter.

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