Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Comparative Reactive Oxidative Species (ROS) Content among Disposable Flavored Vape Bars

Version 1 : Received: 3 August 2021 / Approved: 4 August 2021 / Online: 4 August 2021 (21:48:02 CEST)

How to cite: Yogeswaran, S.; Muthumalage, T.; Rahman, I. Comparative Reactive Oxidative Species (ROS) Content among Disposable Flavored Vape Bars. Preprints 2021, 2021080122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0122.v1). Yogeswaran, S.; Muthumalage, T.; Rahman, I. Comparative Reactive Oxidative Species (ROS) Content among Disposable Flavored Vape Bars. Preprints 2021, 2021080122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0122.v1).

Abstract

Studies have shown that aerosols generated from flavored e-cigarettes contain Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), promoting oxidative stress-induced damage within pulmonary cells. Our lab investigated the ROS content of e-cigarette vapor generated from disposable vape bars, a product exempt from the Federal Drug Enforcement Agency’s (FDA) 2020 flavor ban. Specifically, we analyzed vape bars belonging to multiple flavor categories (Tobacco, Minty Fruit, Fruity, Minty/Menthol, Desserts, and Drinks), manufactured by various vendors and of various nicotine concentrations (0-6.8%). Aerosols from these flavored vape bars were generated by a single puff aerosol generator and individually bubbled through a fluorogenic solution to detect and semi-quantify ROS in H2O2 equivalents generated by the vape bars. We compared and contrasted the ROS levels generated by each flavor as an indirect determinant of oxidative stress potential by these disposable vape bars. Our results showed that ROS concentration (μM) of aerosols produced from the vape bars varied significantly between different flavors and a function of nicotine concentration. Likewise, our results suggest that flavoring chemicals and nicotine concentration play a role in alerting ROS production in e-cigarette aerosols. Our study provides insight into the differential health effects of flavored disposable vape bars and the need for their regulation.

Keywords

Vaping, disposable e-cigarettes, vape bars, flavoring, flavoring chemicals, Reactive Oxidative Species (ROS), disposables, oxidative stress

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