Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Total Starch and Resistant Starch in Commercial Extruded Dog Foods on Gastric Emptying in Non-Racing Sled Dogs

Version 1 : Received: 28 July 2021 / Approved: 30 July 2021 / Online: 30 July 2021 (09:29:05 CEST)

How to cite: Richards, T.L.; Rankovic, A.; Cant, J.P.; Shoveller, A.K.; Adolphe, J.L.; Ramdath, D.; Verbrugghe, A. Effect of Total Starch and Resistant Starch in Commercial Extruded Dog Foods on Gastric Emptying in Non-Racing Sled Dogs. Preprints 2021, 2021070689 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0689.v1). Richards, T.L.; Rankovic, A.; Cant, J.P.; Shoveller, A.K.; Adolphe, J.L.; Ramdath, D.; Verbrugghe, A. Effect of Total Starch and Resistant Starch in Commercial Extruded Dog Foods on Gastric Emptying in Non-Racing Sled Dogs. Preprints 2021, 2021070689 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0689.v1).

Abstract

Gastric emptying rate (GER) may impact diabetes and obesity in humans and could provide a method to reduce canine weight gain. Starch, the most common source of carbohydrates (CHOs) in pet food, is classified as rapidly or slowly digestible, or resistant to digestion. This study investigated starch source effects in commercial extruded dog foods on the GER of 11 healthy adult Siberian Huskies (5.63±0.72 years; mean±SEM). Test diets were classified as traditional, grain-free, whole-grain, and vegan. Dogs received each diet once, a glucose control twice, and acetaminophen (Ac) as a marker for GER in a randomized, partially-replicated, 6x6 Latin square design. Pre- and post-prandial blood samples were collected at 16 timepoints from -15 to 480 minutes. Serum Ac concentrations were assessed via standard spectrophotometric assays and fitted with a mathematical model to estimate parameters of GER. Data was analyzed using a repeated measures ANOVA, followed by a Tukey-Kramer post-hoc test when significant (p<0.05). More total emptying (p= 0.0430) occurred at faster rate (p=0.0668) in dogs fed the grain-free diet, which contained the lowest total starch (34.03 ± 0.23%) and highest resistant starch (0.52 ± 0.007%). This research may benefit future diet formulations to reduce the prevalence of canine weight gain.

Keywords

canine, carbohydrates, grain-free, pet food, pharmacokinetic mathematical modelling, acetaminophen tracking.

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