Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of Sucrose Nonfermenting-1-Related Protein Kinase (SnRK) Genes in Triticum aestivum in Response to Abiotic Stress

Version 1 : Received: 9 July 2021 / Approved: 13 July 2021 / Online: 13 July 2021 (15:11:54 CEST)

How to cite: Mishra, S.; Sharma, P.; Singh, R.; Tiwari, R.; Singh, G.P. Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of Sucrose Nonfermenting-1-Related Protein Kinase (SnRK) Genes in Triticum aestivum in Response to Abiotic Stress. Preprints 2021, 2021070311 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0311.v1). Mishra, S.; Sharma, P.; Singh, R.; Tiwari, R.; Singh, G.P. Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of Sucrose Nonfermenting-1-Related Protein Kinase (SnRK) Genes in Triticum aestivum in Response to Abiotic Stress. Preprints 2021, 2021070311 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0311.v1).

Abstract

The SnRK gene family is a key regulator playing an important role in plant stress response by phosphorylating the target protein to regulate the signalling pathways. The function of SnRK gene family has been reported in many species but is limited to Triticum asetivum. In this study, SnRK gene family in the wheat genome was identified and its structural characteristics were described. One hundred forty-seven SnRK genes distributed across 21 chromosomes were identified in the Triticum aestivum genome and categorised into three subgroups (SnRK1/2/3) based on phylogenetic analyses and domain types. The gene intron-exon structure and protein-motif composition of SnRKs were similar within each subgroup but different amongst the groups. Gene duplication between the wheat, Arabidopsis, rice and barley genomes was also investigated in order to get insight into the evolutionary aspects of the TaSnRK family genes. SnRK genes showed differential expression patterns in leaves, roots, spike, and grains. Redundant stress-related cis-elements were also found in the promoters of 129 SnRK genes and their expression levels varied widely following drought, ABA and light regulated elements. In particular, TaSnRK2.11 had higher and increased expression under the abiotic stresses and can be a candidate gene for the abiotc stress tolerance. The findings will aid in the functional characterization of TaSnRK genes for further research.

Subject Areas

Genome-wide; SnRK and abiotic stress.; wheat

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