Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Efficient HVAC Network Control for Safety Enhancement of a Typical UPS Battery Storage Room

Version 1 : Received: 29 June 2021 / Approved: 1 July 2021 / Online: 1 July 2021 (11:11:23 CEST)

How to cite: Lencwe, M.J.; Chowdhury, S.D.; Mahlangu, S.; Sibanyoni, M.; Ngoma, A.L. An Efficient HVAC Network Control for Safety Enhancement of a Typical UPS Battery Storage Room. Preprints 2021, 2021070012 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0012.v1). Lencwe, M.J.; Chowdhury, S.D.; Mahlangu, S.; Sibanyoni, M.; Ngoma, A.L. An Efficient HVAC Network Control for Safety Enhancement of a Typical UPS Battery Storage Room. Preprints 2021, 2021070012 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0012.v1).

Abstract

Lead-acid batteries utilised in electrical substations release hydrogen and oxygen when these are charged. These gases could be dangerous and cause a risk of fire if they are not properly ventilated. Therefore, this research seeks to design and implement a network control panel for heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems (HVACS). This is done using a specific range of controllers, which have more than thirty loops of proportional, integral and derivative (PID) control to achieve a cost-effective design. It performs the required function of extracting hydrogen, oxygen, and maintaining the desired temperature of the battery storage room within the recommended limits (i.e. 25°C ±1°C tolerance) without compromising quality as set out in the user requirement specification in Appendix-A. The system control panel allows the user to access control parameters such as changing temperature set-points, fan-speed, sensor database amongst others. The hardware is configured to detect extreme hydrogen and oxygen gas content in the battery room and ensure that the HVACS extract the gas content to the outside environment. The results of the system show that the network control panel effectively operates as per the recommended system requirements. Therefore, the effective operation of the HVACS ensures sufficient gas ventilation, thus mitigating the risk of fire in a typical battery storage room. Furthermore, the effective operation of HVACS enhances battery lifespan because of regulated operating temperature, which is conducive to minimise the effect of sulfation in lead acid Batteries (LABs).

Subject Areas

Air Handling Unit; Battery Room; HVACS; Network Control Panel; and Intrinsic Safe Barrier Module

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