Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Formulation and Characterization of a New Injectable Bone Substitute Composed PVA/borax /CaCO3 and Demineralized Bone Matrix

Version 1 : Received: 17 June 2021 / Approved: 22 June 2021 / Online: 22 June 2021 (14:22:33 CEST)

How to cite: Medrano-David, D.; Lopera, A.M.; Londoño, M.E.; Araque-Marín, P. Formulation and Characterization of a New Injectable Bone Substitute Composed PVA/borax /CaCO3 and Demineralized Bone Matrix. Preprints 2021, 2021060545 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0545.v1). Medrano-David, D.; Lopera, A.M.; Londoño, M.E.; Araque-Marín, P. Formulation and Characterization of a New Injectable Bone Substitute Composed PVA/borax /CaCO3 and Demineralized Bone Matrix. Preprints 2021, 2021060545 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0545.v1).

Abstract

The occurrence of bone-related disorders and diseases has increased dramatically in recent years around the world. Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) has been widely used as a bone implant due to its osteoinduction and bioactivity. However, the use of DBM is limited because it is a particulate material, which makes it difficult to manipulate and implant with precision, in addition, these particles are susceptible to migrate to other sites. To address this situation, DBM is commonly incorporated into a variety of carriers. An injectable scaffold has advantages over bone grafts or preformed scaffolds, such as the ability to flow and fill the bone defect. The aim of this research is to develop a DBM carrier with such viscoelastic properties to obtain an injectable bone substitute (IBS). The DBM carrier developed consisted of a PVA/glycerol network cross-linked with borax and reinforced with CaCO3 as a pH neutralizer, porosity generator, and source of Ca. The physicochemical properties were determined by the injectability test, FTIR, SEM, and TGA. Porosity, degradation, bioactivity, possible cytotoxic effect, and proliferation in osteoblasts were also determined. The results show that the developed material has great potential to be used in bone tissue regeneration

Subject Areas

Bone tissue regeneration; injectable; bone graft; fracture; osteoblast; bone tissue engineering

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