Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Paradigm of Historical Science in Development of Land Transportation facilities in DKI Jakarta

Version 1 : Received: 9 June 2021 / Approved: 10 June 2021 / Online: 10 June 2021 (11:17:14 CEST)

How to cite: M. Firdaus, A.; Pandin, M. Paradigm of Historical Science in Development of Land Transportation facilities in DKI Jakarta. Preprints 2021, 2021060289 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0289.v1). M. Firdaus, A.; Pandin, M. Paradigm of Historical Science in Development of Land Transportation facilities in DKI Jakarta. Preprints 2021, 2021060289 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0289.v1).

Abstract

Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia, which has its own problems in building transportation facilities, especially on land routes. For private vehicle users, congestion is a common thing, given the very dense number of people living in Jakarta, both natives and migrants from outside the region. And for users of public transportation services such as city transportation (angkot) and transjakarta, convenience is the main obstacle. And even though it is a public vehicle, it cannot avoid congestion because it is in one lane with private vehicles except for the transjakarta bus which has its own lane. Meanwhile, for train-based public transportation such as MRT (Mass Rapid Transit), LRT (Light rail Transit), and electric railroad (KRL), the problem is the lack of integration, namely that many stations are not yet integrated with other transportation. Various policies have been implemented to overcome these problems. This study aims to determine the level of effectiveness and efficiency of public transportation in DKI Jakarta today. The method used in this research is qualitative-descriptive through a literature review on 16 journal articles and 4 websites. The results of this study indicate that congestion is a major problem in the means of transportation in Jakarta. This is due to the increase in population due to urbanization which is also accompanied by an increase in the number of private vehicles. Therefore, to overcome this, the Jakarta Provincial Government has made improvements, reforms, and developments in public transportation. And it is hoped that people who originally used private vehicles will switch to using public transportation. But in reality, various problems in public transportation in Jakarta have not been resolved properly. Especially why traffic jams still occur?, and what are the solutions to overcome them?. It is hoped that the results of the findings of this study can be used as a reference in making or designing policies and can contribute to overcoming problems in the transportation sector, especially in the DKI Jakarta area. The limit of this research is that it only focuses on land transportation facilities in Jakarta.

Subject Areas

effectiveness; efficiency; Jakarta; transportation

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