Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Understanding the Molecular Bases of the Endophytic/Pathogenic Behavior of Fusarium Oxysporum Interacting With Vanilla Planifolia

Version 1 : Received: 7 June 2021 / Approved: 8 June 2021 / Online: 8 June 2021 (11:37:26 CEST)

How to cite: Solano De la Cruz, M.T.; Elías Escobar – Hernández, E.E.; Arciniega – González, J.A.; Rueda – Zozaya, R..D.P.; Adame – García, J.; Pérez-López, E.; Luna – Rodríguez, M. Understanding the Molecular Bases of the Endophytic/Pathogenic Behavior of Fusarium Oxysporum Interacting With Vanilla Planifolia. Preprints 2021, 2021060214 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0214.v1). Solano De la Cruz, M.T.; Elías Escobar – Hernández, E.E.; Arciniega – González, J.A.; Rueda – Zozaya, R..D.P.; Adame – García, J.; Pérez-López, E.; Luna – Rodríguez, M. Understanding the Molecular Bases of the Endophytic/Pathogenic Behavior of Fusarium Oxysporum Interacting With Vanilla Planifolia. Preprints 2021, 2021060214 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0214.v1).

Abstract

Members of the Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) has the capacity to specialize into host-specific pathogens known as formae speciales through horizontal gene transfer between pathogenic and endophytic individuals. To this day, the origin of these formae speciales and the genetic determinants dictating the switch from endophytic to pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum (Fox) are still unknown. F. oxysporum f. sp. vanillae (Fov), member of FOSC, is the causal agent of root and stem rot disease, representing the main phytosanitary problem in vanilla plantations worldwide. Here we analyzed the RNA-seq libraries resulting from the interaction vanilla-Fov at early and late stages of the infection, and what we initially identified as control in a previous study, detecting the presence of Fox endophytes. We identified virulence, hypervirulence, sporulation, conidiation, necrosis, and production of fusaric acid as key processes taking place during Fov-vanilla interaction. Through comparison with endophytic Fox, we found that Fov can infect vanilla thanks to the presence of pathogenicity islands and genomic regions associated with supernumerary chromosomes. These play a central role as carriers of genes involved with pathogenic activity and could have being obtained by Fov through horizontal gene transfer. We also found that, unlike other pathogenic members of FOSC, Fov do not use Secreted in Xylem proteins (SIX) to infect vanilla.

Subject Areas

formae speciales; horizontal gene transfer; endophytic; pathogenic; Fusarium; RNAseq; comparative genomics; vanilla

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