Corujo, L.A.; Kieson, E.; Gloor, P.A. Emotion Recognition in Horses with Convolutional Neural Networks. Preprints2021, 2021060174
Corujo, L.A., Kieson, E., & Gloor, P.A. (2021). Emotion Recognition in Horses with Convolutional Neural Networks. Preprints. https://doi.org/
Corujo, L.A., Emily Kieson and Peter A Gloor. 2021 "Emotion Recognition in Horses with Convolutional Neural Networks" Preprints. https://doi.org/
Creating intelligent systems capable of recognizing emotions is a difficult task, especially when looking at emotions in animals. This paper describes the process of designing a “proof of concept” system to recognize emotions in horses. This system is formed by two elements, a detector and a model. The detector is a fast region-based convolutional neural network that detects horses in an image. The model is a convolutional neural network that predicts the emotions of those horses. These two elements were trained with multiple images of horses until they achieved high accuracy in their tasks. 400 images of horses were collected and labeled to train both the detector and the model while 80 were used to validate the system. Once the two components were validated, they were combined into a testable system that would detect equine emotions based on established behavioral ethograms indicating emotional affect through head, neck, ear, muzzle and eye position. The system showed an accuracy of between 69% and 74% on the validation set, demonstrating that it is possible to predict emotions in animals using autonomous intelligent systems. Such a system has multiple applications including further studies in the growing field of animal emotions as well as in the veterinary field to determine the physical welfare of horses or other livestock.
Biology and Life Sciences, Animal Science, Veterinary Science and Zoology
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