Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics and CO2 Efflux in the Calcareous Sandy Loam Soil Treated with Chemically Modified Organic Amendments

Version 1 : Received: 18 May 2021 / Approved: 20 May 2021 / Online: 20 May 2021 (07:37:58 CEST)

How to cite: Mohammed-Nour, A.; Al-Sewailem, M.; El-Naggar, A.H.; Hamza, M.; Aly, A.A.; Elfaki, J. Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics and CO2 Efflux in the Calcareous Sandy Loam Soil Treated with Chemically Modified Organic Amendments. Preprints 2021, 2021050455 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0455.v1). Mohammed-Nour, A.; Al-Sewailem, M.; El-Naggar, A.H.; Hamza, M.; Aly, A.A.; Elfaki, J. Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics and CO2 Efflux in the Calcareous Sandy Loam Soil Treated with Chemically Modified Organic Amendments. Preprints 2021, 2021050455 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0455.v1).

Abstract

Although carbon (C) efflux from soils treated with organic wastes was widely covered in temperate and cold regions, still such data is not sufficient from arid and semi-arid regions. Saudi Arabia produces more than 335,000 tons/year of cow manure (CM), this CM either left as raw manure or being composted. The application of high C/N amendments is expected to increase soil organic carbon and reduce CO2 fluxes. A 90-day incubation experiment was conducted to study CO2 efflux, organic C microbial biomass C, available NH4+and NO3-when added to agricultural soil. Six manure types were added: cow manure, cow manure compost, cow manure biochar, cow manure stripped ammonia at pH 12 with a temperature of 95oC, cow manure stripped ammonia at pH 9 with a temperature of 95oC and control. The application of CM resulted in a considerable increase in soil available nitrogen, CO2 efflux compared to other treatments. Cow manure biochar showed the lowest CO2 efflux. Cumulative CO2 effluxes of cow manure effluents were lower than CM this possibly due to the relatively high C:N ratio of manure effluent. The content of, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn were decreased as incubation time increased. microbial biomass C of cow manure stripped ammonia at pH 12 with a temperature of 95oC were increased at 7 and 60 days illustrating to temperature effect on the decomposing of manure materials.

Subject Areas

organic wastes; cow manure; CO2 effluxes; ammonia stripping; C:N ratio

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