Lin, D.-F.; Wang, W.-J.; Chen, C.-W.; Lin, K.-L. Applying Mixture of Municipal Incinerator Bottom Ash and Sewage Sludge Ash for Ceramic Tile Manufacturing. Materials2021, 14, 3863.
Lin, D.-F.; Wang, W.-J.; Chen, C.-W.; Lin, K.-L. Applying Mixture of Municipal Incinerator Bottom Ash and Sewage Sludge Ash for Ceramic Tile Manufacturing. Materials 2021, 14, 3863.
Two secondary waste materials, municipal incinerator bottom ash (MIBA) and sewage sludge ash (SSA), were mixed with clay for ceramic manufacturing in this study. Specimens with 5 different MIBA replacement amount of 0%, 5%,10%, 15%, and 20%(wt) and 3 different SSA replacement amount of 0%, 10%, and 20%(wt) were prepared and then a series of tests and analysis were conducted to investigate how the two materials affect the quality of the final product and to what extent. It concludes that a mix with up to 20% of SSA and 5% of MIBA could result in quality tiles complying with specifications for interior or exterior flooring applications at certain kiln temperatures.
municipal incinerator bottom ash, sewage sludge ash, SEM, NMR,
MATERIALS SCIENCE, General Materials Science
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