Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Veracity or Falsehood in the Presidential Elections of Peru and Extreme Parties

Version 1 : Received: 11 May 2021 / Approved: 12 May 2021 / Online: 12 May 2021 (15:58:48 CEST)

How to cite: MALLMA PEREZ, I.; Salazar Vásquez, L. Veracity or Falsehood in the Presidential Elections of Peru and Extreme Parties. Preprints 2021, 2021050274 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0274.v1). MALLMA PEREZ, I.; Salazar Vásquez, L. Veracity or Falsehood in the Presidential Elections of Peru and Extreme Parties. Preprints 2021, 2021050274 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0274.v1).

Abstract

Background and objectives: In the current context, the 2021 presidential elections in Peru distance from the social objective, not being objectively represented, that is why we analyze their validity, we determine the distances between the parties if they are extreme, the correspondences with the departments and their prospects, in the surveys we propose which departments influence the results. Methods: We use a mixed methodology, qualitative analysis, it will be multidimensional with the support of statistical methods and programs such as R Studio, worddj, Gephi, and Iramuteq. The quantitative analysis will be through factor analysis, correspondence and discriminant analysis to the data of the election Results and conclusions: The textual analysis mentions that there are dimensions such as the social issue, the results of the surveys and democracy that are far apart, regarding the electoral issue. This inculcates to work both on the part of the organisms that carry out these processes, as well as the initiative of the candidates, and the media. Regarding the quantitative analysis, it is detailed that the representative parties must be greater than 4.0 million voters, to make representative parties at the national level. The classification regarding the percentage of votes is given in three groups, highlighting the independence of the Peru Libre political party in these . In the correspondence analysis we can detail that both Fuerza Popular and Peru Libre are extremist parties. The vast majority of Peruvian citizens have an ideological tendency, intermediate between both parties. The prospective projections with a cross section give a victory to the Peru Libre party. In the discriminant analysis, the sample for the surveys focuses on 7 departments that does not include the Peruvian capital.

Subject Areas

Presidential elections; political parties; survey; democracy; supervisory bodies; Peruvian citizenship

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