Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Role of cAMP in Beta Cell Stimulus-Secretion and Inter-cellular Coupling

Version 1 : Received: 5 May 2021 / Approved: 7 May 2021 / Online: 7 May 2021 (09:52:15 CEST)

How to cite: Stožer, A.; Paradiž Leitgeb, E.; Pohorec, V.; Dolenšek, J.; Križančić Bombek, L.; Gosak, M.; Skelin Klemen, M. The Role of cAMP in Beta Cell Stimulus-Secretion and Inter-cellular Coupling. Preprints 2021, 2021050137 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0137.v1). Stožer, A.; Paradiž Leitgeb, E.; Pohorec, V.; Dolenšek, J.; Križančić Bombek, L.; Gosak, M.; Skelin Klemen, M. The Role of cAMP in Beta Cell Stimulus-Secretion and Inter-cellular Coupling. Preprints 2021, 2021050137 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0137.v1).

Abstract

Pancreatic beta cells secrete insulin in response to stimulation with glucose and other nutrients, and impaired insulin secretion plays a central role in development of diabetes mellitus. Pharmacological management of diabetes includes various antidiabetic drugs, including incretins. The incretin hormones, glucagon-like peptide-1 and gastric inhibitory polypeptide, potentiate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by binding to G protein-coupled receptors, resulting in stimulation of adenylate cyclase and production of the secondary messenger cAMP, which exerts its intracellular effects through activation of protein kinase A or the guanine nucleotide exchange protein 2A. The mo-lecular mechanisms behind these two downstream signaling arms are still not fully elucidated and involve many steps in the stimulus-secretion coupling cascade, ranging from the proximal regula-tion of ion channel activity, to the central Ca2+ signal, and the most distal exocytosis. In addition to modifying intracellular coupling, the effect of cAMP on insulin secretion could also be at least partly explained by the impact on intercellular coupling. In this review, we systematically describe the possible roles of cAMP at these intra- and inter-cellular signaling nodes, keeping in mind the rele-vance for the whole organism and translation to humans.

Subject Areas

cAMP; beta cells; stimulus-secretion coupling; intercellular coupling; PKA; Epac2A

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