Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Seasonal Changes and the Interaction Between the Horse Chestnut Leaf Miner Cameraria ohridella and the Horse Chestnut Leaf Blotch Guignardia aesculi

Version 1 : Received: 23 April 2021 / Approved: 26 April 2021 / Online: 26 April 2021 (12:13:43 CEST)

How to cite: Kopačka, M.; Nachman, G.; Zemek, R. Seasonal Changes and the Interaction Between the Horse Chestnut Leaf Miner Cameraria ohridella and the Horse Chestnut Leaf Blotch Guignardia aesculi. Preprints 2021, 2021040662 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0662.v1). Kopačka, M.; Nachman, G.; Zemek, R. Seasonal Changes and the Interaction Between the Horse Chestnut Leaf Miner Cameraria ohridella and the Horse Chestnut Leaf Blotch Guignardia aesculi. Preprints 2021, 2021040662 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0662.v1).

Abstract

The horse chestnut leaf miner Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) is an invasive pest of horse chestnut and has spread through Europe since 1985. The horse chestnut leaf blotch Guignardia aesculi (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) is a fungal disease that also seriously damages horse chestnut trees in Europe. The interaction between the leaf miner and the fungus has not yet been sufficiently described. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess leaf damage inflicted to horse chestnut by both C. ohridella and G. aesculi during the vegetation season and to model their interaction. The damage to leaf area was measured monthly from May to September 2013 in České Budějovice, the Czech Republic. A simple phenomenological model describing the expected dynamics of the two species was developed. The study revealed a significant effect of sampling site and sampling period on the damage caused by both the pest and the fungus. The mathematical model indicates that infestation by C. ohridella is more affected by G. aesculi than vice versa. The possible mechanisms affecting the relationship between G. aesculi and C. ohridella are discussed.

Subject Areas

Aesculus hippocastanum; insect pest; fungal disease; invasive species; leaf damage; model; competition; urban environment

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