Priyanka, V.; Kumar, R.; Dhaliwal, I.; Kaushik, P. Germplasm Conservation: Instrumental in Agricultural Biodiversity—A Review. Sustainability2021, 13, 6743.
Priyanka, V.; Kumar, R.; Dhaliwal, I.; Kaushik, P. Germplasm Conservation: Instrumental in Agricultural Biodiversity—A Review. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6743.
Germplasm is a valuable natural resource in plant diversity that is crucial for its potential use. It provides knowledge about a species genetic composition. Germplasm protection strategies are not just planting hope threatened with extinction, they preserve medicinal and other essential plants on which survival rests. The successful use of genetic plant resources necessitates diligent collection, storage, analysis, documentation, and germplasm exchange. Slow growth cultures, cryopreservation, pollen and DNA banks, botanic gardens, genetic reserves and farmer’s fields are few conservation techniques. However, usage of an in vitro procedure with any chance of genetic instability leads to the destruction of the entire substance. Improved understanding of basic regeneration biology would, in turn, undoubtedly increase the capacity to regenerate plants from in vitro harvested explants, thus expanding selection possibilities. Germplasm conservation seeks to conserve endangered and vulnerable plant species worldwide for future proliferation and development; it is also the bedrock of agricultural production.
Germplasm; Genetic plant resources; Preservation; Propagation; in vitro
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