Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Agro-Industrial Avocado (Persea americana) Waste Biorefinery

Version 1 : Received: 2 April 2021 / Approved: 2 April 2021 / Online: 2 April 2021 (15:35:30 CEST)

How to cite: Mora-Sandí, A.; Ramírez-González, A.; Castillo-Henríquez, L.; Lopretti-Correa, M.; Vega-Baudrit, J.R. Agro-Industrial Avocado (Persea americana) Waste Biorefinery. Preprints 2021, 2021040077 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0077.v1). Mora-Sandí, A.; Ramírez-González, A.; Castillo-Henríquez, L.; Lopretti-Correa, M.; Vega-Baudrit, J.R. Agro-Industrial Avocado (Persea americana) Waste Biorefinery. Preprints 2021, 2021040077 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0077.v1).

Abstract

Significant problems have arisen in the last years, such as climate change, global warming, and hunger. These complications are correlated with the depletion and exploitation of natural resources and environmental contamination. Due to overcrowding, the list of challenges for the next few years is growing. A comprehensive approach was made to the agro-industrial production of Avocado (Persea americana) and the management of all its biomass waste. So, bioprocesses and biorefinery can be used to produce high added-value products. A large number of residues are composed of lignin and cellulose. They have many potentials to be exploited sustainably for chemical and biological conversion; physical, chemical, and natural treatments improve the following operations. There are some applications to many fields such as pharmaceutical, medical, material engineering, and environmental remediation. Possible pathways are mentioned to take advantage of Avocado as biofuels, drugs, bioplastics, and even in the environmental part and emerging technologies such as nanotechnology using bioprocesses and biotech. In conclusion, Avocado and its waste could be transformed into high value-added products in industries above to mitigate global warming and save non-renewable energy.

Subject Areas

biorefinery; bioprocess; agro-industry; high-value products; Avocado

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