Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Socio-cultural Approach in Developing the Quality of Clinical Education in the Millennium Era: A Literature Review (New Paradigm)

Version 1 : Received: 1 April 2021 / Approved: 2 April 2021 / Online: 2 April 2021 (11:28:54 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 15 April 2021 / Approved: 16 April 2021 / Online: 16 April 2021 (11:20:50 CEST)

How to cite: Lisnadiyanti, L.; Pandin, M.G.R. Socio-cultural Approach in Developing the Quality of Clinical Education in the Millennium Era: A Literature Review (New Paradigm). Preprints 2021, 2021040051 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0051.v1). Lisnadiyanti, L.; Pandin, M.G.R. Socio-cultural Approach in Developing the Quality of Clinical Education in the Millennium Era: A Literature Review (New Paradigm). Preprints 2021, 2021040051 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0051.v1).

Abstract

Clinical education is a method that is applied to formal nurse education as a step to provide real and direct learning experiences in the nursing environment correctly and effectively. The success of education in a clinical setting certainly requires the support of teaching nurses (clinical instructors) who have credibility and competence in terms of knowledge, attitudes and skills and are actively involved in professional activities. The diversity of backgrounds of nurses and students, including patients, certainly contributes to a shift in paradigms and perspectives for the nursing environment both in education and in clinical settings in health services. Responding to this cultural diversity, it is important to prepare knowledge and understanding related to transcultural nursing issues, intercultural communication and clinical education which explores the socio-cultural elements in the implementation of staff, students and patients. Purpose: The purpose of this literature review is to identify the extent to which nurse educators play a role by including socio-cultural and transcultural aspects in efforts to develop the quality of education in clinical practice environments in the millennium era. Method: The method of writing this article uses 11 literature review, the publication year period 2019,2020 and 2021 with sources from 4 databases such as science Direct, Scopus, ProQues and Elsevier. The review guidelines used are based on Prisma and the Joanna Briggs Institutute. The level of eligibility is identified through the title, abstract, research methodology as well as the type of scholarly journal and full text. Results: The results of the reviews found are presented in a narrative form. The results of the review study found that there were 11 articles explaining the competence of clinical education based on the socio-cultural approach, which is an educational strategy in the clinical area that integrates transcultural elements of nursing, intercultural communication, collaboration, self-directed with the principles of openness, honesty, and mutual respect in the implementation of team interaction and collaboration. The development of interpersonal relationships is also an important role that educators must have in helping to introduce the nurse orientation process to the organizational environment and other professional teams so that the achievement of satisfaction with clinical education is able to improve the performance of nurses and students perfectly. Conclusion: Clinical education which is supported by the competence of nurse educators (clinical instructors) who have individual and professional competences has a role to play in improving clinical learning outcomes by both students and nurses with a socio-cultural and transcultural strategic approach that will create satisfaction with the achievement of clinical competence and performance effectively.

Keywords

clinical instructor, clinical education, transcultural, intercultural communication, socio-culture and millennial generation

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