Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Hybrid Nanoparticles Based on Cobalt Ferrite and Gold: Preparation and Characterization

Version 1 : Received: 17 March 2021 / Approved: 18 March 2021 / Online: 18 March 2021 (09:33:26 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Saikova, S.; Pavlikov, A.; Trofimova, T.; Mikhlin, Y.; Karpov, D.; Asanova, A.; Grigoriev, Y.; Volochaev, M.; Samoilo, A.; Zharkov, S.; Velikanov, D. Hybrid Nanoparticles Based on Cobalt Ferrite and Gold: Preparation and Characterization. Metals 2021, 11, 705. Saikova, S.; Pavlikov, A.; Trofimova, T.; Mikhlin, Y.; Karpov, D.; Asanova, A.; Grigoriev, Y.; Volochaev, M.; Samoilo, A.; Zharkov, S.; Velikanov, D. Hybrid Nanoparticles Based on Cobalt Ferrite and Gold: Preparation and Characterization. Metals 2021, 11, 705.

Journal reference: Metals 2021, 11, 705
DOI: 10.3390/met11050705

Abstract

During the past few decades, hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs) based on a magnetic material and gold have attracted interest for applications in catalysis, diagnostics and nanomedicine. In this paper, magnetic CoFe2O4/Au HNPs with an average particle size of 10–20 nm decorated with 2-nm gold clusters were prepared using methionine as a reducer and an anchor between CoFe2O4 and gold. The obtained nanoparticles were studied by X-Ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV-Vis spectroscopy techniques. The TEM images of the HNPs obtained after one, six and ten gold deposition cycles showed that the surface of cobalt ferrite was covered with gold nanoclusters, which slightly increased with an increase in the number of gold deposition cycles (from 2.12 ± 0.15 nm after one cycle to 2.46 ± 0.13 nm after ten cycles) without any change in surface density. The magnetic measurements showed that the obtained HNPs possessed typical ferrimagnetic behaviour, which corresponds to that of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. The toxicity evaluation of the synthesised HNPs on Chlorella vulgaris indicated that they can be applied to biomedical applications such as magnetic hyperthermia, photothermal therapy, drug delivery, bioimaging and biosensing.

Keywords

CoFe2O4/Au nanoparticles; toxicity; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; anion-exchange resin pre-cipitation; hybrid nanoparticles; synthesis; magnetic hysteresis loops

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