Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Whole Exome Sequencing Identifies Novel Germline Variants of SLC15A4 Gene as Potentially Cancer Predisposing in Familial Colorectal Cancer

Version 1 : Received: 9 March 2021 / Approved: 9 March 2021 / Online: 9 March 2021 (10:24:33 CET)

How to cite: Skopelitou, D.; Srivastava, A.; Miao, B.; Kumar, A.; Dymerska, D.; Paramasivam, N.; Schlesner, M.; Lubiński, J.; Hemminki, K.; Försti, A.; Bandapalli, O.R. Whole Exome Sequencing Identifies Novel Germline Variants of SLC15A4 Gene as Potentially Cancer Predisposing in Familial Colorectal Cancer. Preprints 2021, 2021030257 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0257.v1). Skopelitou, D.; Srivastava, A.; Miao, B.; Kumar, A.; Dymerska, D.; Paramasivam, N.; Schlesner, M.; Lubiński, J.; Hemminki, K.; Försti, A.; Bandapalli, O.R. Whole Exome Sequencing Identifies Novel Germline Variants of SLC15A4 Gene as Potentially Cancer Predisposing in Familial Colorectal Cancer. Preprints 2021, 2021030257 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0257.v1).

Abstract

About 15% of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients have first-degree relatives affected by the same malignancy. However, for most families the cause of familial aggregation of CRC is unknown. In order to identify novel high-to-moderate penetrant germline variants underlying CRC susceptibility, we performed whole exome sequencing (WES) on four CRC cases and two unaffected family members of a Polish family without any mutation in known CRC predisposition genes. After WES, we used our in-house developed Familial Cancer Variant Prioritization Pipeline and identified two novel variants in the solute carrier family 15 member 4 (SLC15A4) gene. The heterozygous missense variant, p. Y444C, was predicted to affect the phylogenetically conserved PTR2/POT domain and to have a deleterious effect on the function of the encoded peptide/histidine transporter. The other variant was located in the upstream region of the same gene (GRCh37.p13, 12_129308531_C_T; 43bp upstream of transcription start site, ENST00000266771.5) and it was annotated to affect the promoter region of SLC15A4 as well as binding sites of 17 different transcription factors. Our findings of two distinct variants in the same gene may indicate a synergistic up-regulation of SLC15A4 as the underlying genetic cause and implicate this gene for the first time in genetic inheritance of familial CRC.

Subject Areas

SLC15A4; germline variant; familial colorectal cancer; whole exome sequencing

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