Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Performance Enhancement Techniques for Patch Antennas of Small Satellites

Version 1 : Received: 2 March 2021 / Approved: 3 March 2021 / Online: 3 March 2021 (09:59:04 CET)

How to cite: Yoon, Z.; Mayank, M.; Stoll, E. Performance Enhancement Techniques for Patch Antennas of Small Satellites. Preprints 2021, 2021030122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0122.v1). Yoon, Z.; Mayank, M.; Stoll, E. Performance Enhancement Techniques for Patch Antennas of Small Satellites. Preprints 2021, 2021030122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0122.v1).

Abstract

Patch antennas are compact, less complex, planar structures and therefore, widely used in small satellite missions for telecommand, data link, and intersatellite link, particularly in S- band and X- band. Improved performance of these patch antennas in terms of gain and compactness will di-rectly affect the communication efficiency of small satellite missions. Especially the coming IoT (Internet of Things) constellations require high gain and efficient antenna arrays. An optimization of single patch antenna elements is an important cornerstone for the missions. Therefore, the ef-fects of various antenna enhancement techniques, such as slotted ground plane, resistor and ca-pacitor integration, parasitic patch elements, are analyzed. These techniques were applied on a rectangular patch antenna with parameter variation to identify the optimal performances with respect to bandwidth, operating frequency, gain, polarization, and power flow. Finally, the techniques were combined to obtain an optimized antenna in terms of gain and compactness. The results were compared to a slotted reference antenna. For the scenario of a 2.4 GHz patch antenna, a gain optimization of 27 % (from 7.09 to 8.14 dBi) or size reduction of 52 % (from 96.04 to 46.2 cm²) could be achieved. Overall, our study revealed an effective way to increase the patch antenna performance, which can directly contribute to more efficient communication links and design of antenna arrays.

Subject Areas

satellite communication, antenna optimization, high gain antenna

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