Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Thioredoxins o1 and h2 Show Different Subcellular Localizations and Redox-Active Functions, but Cooperatively Affect NADPH Redox Poise and Photosynthetic Performance in Fluctuating Light

Version 1 : Received: 1 March 2021 / Approved: 2 March 2021 / Online: 2 March 2021 (16:19:40 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Hou, L.-Y.; Lehmann, M.; Geigenberger, P. Thioredoxin h2 and o1 Show Different Subcellular Localizations and Redox-Active Functions, and Are Extrachloroplastic Factors Influencing Photosynthetic Performance in Fluctuating Light. Antioxidants 2021, 10, 705. Hou, L.-Y.; Lehmann, M.; Geigenberger, P. Thioredoxin h2 and o1 Show Different Subcellular Localizations and Redox-Active Functions, and Are Extrachloroplastic Factors Influencing Photosynthetic Performance in Fluctuating Light. Antioxidants 2021, 10, 705.

Journal reference: Antioxidants 2021, 10, 705
DOI: 10.3390/antiox10050705

Abstract

Arabidopsis contains eight different h-type thioredoxins (Trx) being distributed in different cell organelles. Although Trx h2 is deemed to be localized in mitochondria, its subcellular localization and function remains a matter of debate. Here, Trx h2 localization and function were investigated using cell fractionation studies and reverse genetics. Differential centrifugation and immunodetection showed the Trx h2 protein to be distributed to the microsomal fraction rather than to mitochondrial preparations. To analyze whether Trx h2 has different roles than mitochondrial Trxs, Arabidopsis mutants lacking Trx h2 were compared with mutants deficient in mitochondrial Trx o1 and double mutants with joint deficiencies in both Trxs. Under constant medium light, trxh2 grew as the wild type, while trxo1 and trxo1h2 mutants showed impaired growth. This was accompanied by differences in the metabolite profiles. The trxo1 and trxo1h2 mutants clustered differently from the wild type during the night, revealing a decrease in ascorbate and glutathione redox states. In fluctuating light intensities, genotypic differences in growth rates were attenuated. Compared to the wild type, the fluctuating-light induced decrease in the NADPH/NADP ratio was diminished in the mutants, with the trxo1h2 double mutant showing the strongest effect. This was accompanied by an increase in the photosynthetic efficiency of the trxo1h2 mutant, specifically in the high light phases of fluctuating light. Conclusively, these results support the view that Trxs o1 and h2 are localized in different subcellular compartments, and have different effects on ascorbate and glutathione redox states and growth in medium light, but cooperatively affect NADP(H) redox state and photosynthetic efficiency in fluctuating light.

Keywords

Trx o1; Trx h2; metabolomics; ascorbate; glutathione; NAD(P)(H); photosynthetic performance; fluctuating light; Arabidopsis thaliana

Subject

BIOLOGY, Plant Sciences

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