Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: Current Concepts and Controversies in Diagnosis and Management

Version 1 : Received: 17 February 2021 / Approved: 17 February 2021 / Online: 17 February 2021 (16:07:10 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Li, D.T.S.; Leung, Y.Y. Temporomandibular Disorders: Current Concepts and Controversies in Diagnosis and Management. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 459. Li, D.T.S.; Leung, Y.Y. Temporomandibular Disorders: Current Concepts and Controversies in Diagnosis and Management. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 459.

Journal reference: Diagnostics 2021, 11, 459
DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics11030459

Abstract

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a group of orofacial pain conditions which is the most common non-dental pain complaint in the maxillofacial region. Due to the complexity of the etiology and often cyclical nature of the disease, the diagnosis and management of TMD remain a challenge where consensus is still lacking in many aspects. While clinical examination is considered the most important process in the diagnosis of TMD, imaging may serve as a valuable adjunct in selected cases. Depending on the type of TMD, many treatment modalities have been proposed, ranging from conservative options to open surgical procedures. In this review, the authors discuss the present thinking in the etiology and classification of TMD, followed by the diagnostic approach and the current trend and controversies in management.

Keywords

Temporomandibular joint disorders; Temporomandibular Joint; Facial Pain; Craniomandibular Disorders

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