Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Conceptual Design Approach for Archeological Structures, a Challenging Issue Between Innovation and Conservation: A Studied Case in the Ancient Pompeii

Version 1 : Received: 16 February 2021 / Approved: 17 February 2021 / Online: 17 February 2021 (11:41:33 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Calvanese, V.; Zambrano, A. A Conceptual Design Approach for Archaeological Structures, a Challenging Issue between Innovation and Conservation: A Studied Case in Ancient Pompeii. Buildings 2021, 11, 167. Calvanese, V.; Zambrano, A. A Conceptual Design Approach for Archaeological Structures, a Challenging Issue between Innovation and Conservation: A Studied Case in Ancient Pompeii. Buildings 2021, 11, 167.

Journal reference: Buildings 2021, 11, 167
DOI: 10.3390/buildings11040167

Abstract

The preservation of the authenticity of a building artefact is a responsible practice. On the other side, the need to save the building artefact from the natural and anthropic degradation, to ensure the structural reliability to the different actions, to define an efficient maintenance program are big challenges, that involves the cooperation of several professionals, responsible use of innovative techniques and materials that are nowadays available. This paper focuses on a specific design approach for the rehabilitation works of ancient constructions in archaeological sites. The proposed conceptual design approach implies different steps that allow the optimization of the design at an increasing level of knowledge on the existing structures and their materials. The design procedure on historical constructions generally includes the following steps: the collection of data, the structural identification, hazard, and vulnerability analysis, damage and risk analysis, a cost-benefit analysis, so only at the end of the process, the final design is achieved. In the archaeological area, some important design aspects cannot be defined before the execution work phase, since some elements could be revealed and identified during work execution, as a consequence, the final design has been often optimized after all this information has been acquired. A studied case in the archaeological site of Pompeii is herein presented to prove the efficiency of the proposed approach.

Subject Areas

cultural heritage; masonry rehabilitation; seismic device; steel structure; basalt fiber; grout injections; archeological site; rubber-bearing;non-destructive testing

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