Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Development of a Structured Interview to Explore Interpersonal Schema of Elderly Living Alone Based on Autobiographical Memory

Version 1 : Received: 16 January 2021 / Approved: 22 January 2021 / Online: 22 January 2021 (14:25:06 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kwan, Y.; Choi, S.; Eom, T.R.; Kim, T. Development of a Structured Interview to Explore Interpersonal Schema of Older Adults Living Alone Based on Autobiographical Memory. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2316. Kwan, Y.; Choi, S.; Eom, T.R.; Kim, T. Development of a Structured Interview to Explore Interpersonal Schema of Older Adults Living Alone Based on Autobiographical Memory. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2316.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2316
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18052316

Abstract

As a growing public interest in social health of elderly, studies focusing on social networks and interpersonal relationships of the elderly are needed. The present study was conducted to de-velop a structured interview to evaluate the interpersonal schema based on Self-Defining Memory of elderly. First, the word cues that the elderly often report on interpersonal events were con-firmed. Next, the indices and scoring rules were prepared, including Relationship frequency (RF), Conflict frequency (CF), Dominance mean (Dm), and Warmth mean (Wm). Healthy elderly peo-ple living alone (mean age = 71.81, SD = 3.95) were interviewed. Finally, the correlation between each index and Short form of Korean Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales (KIIP-SC) was analyzed for criterion validity. The inter-rater reliability was substantial (Kappa = .61 ~ .66). Based on the analysis of criterion validity, the indices of CF, Dm, and Wm indices showed an appropriate level of criterion validity. This study developed a structural interview based on a novel system of reporting autobiographical memory and established indices with appropriate validity to evaluate interpersonal relationships. The interview is expected to identify the characteristics of interpersonal relationships of the elderly and contribute to the establishment of the elderly community, accordingly.

Subject Areas

Interpersonal relationship; Interpersonal schema; Elderly; Structured interview

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