Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Inhibition of Adipogenesis in Mouse 3T3-L1 Pre-Adipocytes by an Extract from Sophora Japonica Fruit Acting via the AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway

Version 1 : Received: 31 December 2020 / Approved: 31 December 2020 / Online: 31 December 2020 (14:24:18 CET)

How to cite: Park, C.; Lee, Y.; Kim, C.H.; Shin, S.Y.; Choi, K.; Yang, I.; Kim, G.; Choi, Y.H.; Jeong, J. Inhibition of Adipogenesis in Mouse 3T3-L1 Pre-Adipocytes by an Extract from Sophora Japonica Fruit Acting via the AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway. Preprints 2020, 2020120820 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0820.v1). Park, C.; Lee, Y.; Kim, C.H.; Shin, S.Y.; Choi, K.; Yang, I.; Kim, G.; Choi, Y.H.; Jeong, J. Inhibition of Adipogenesis in Mouse 3T3-L1 Pre-Adipocytes by an Extract from Sophora Japonica Fruit Acting via the AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway. Preprints 2020, 2020120820 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0820.v1).

Abstract

Background: The world-wide rate of obesity is increasing continuously, representing a serious medical threat since it is associated with a variety of diseases including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and numerous cancers. Sophora japonica is used as a traditional herb for medicinal purposes in eastern Asia. However, the anti-obesity effects of S. japonica fruit have not been explored. Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the inhibition of adipocyte differentiation and adipogenesis by an ethanol extract of S. japonica fruit (EESF) in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes. Methods: MTT assay, Oil Red O staining, and Triglyceride contents were used to investigate lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells to clarify adipocyte differentiation. The expression levels of various molecular signals associated with adipogenesis and lipogenesis were examined by western blot analysis. Results: Our results demonstrate that EESF suppressed the terminal differentiation of 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes in a dose-dependent manner, as confirmed by a decrease in lipid droplet number and lipid content through Oil Red O staining. EESF significantly reduced the accumulation of cellular triglyceride, which was associated with a significant inhibition of the levels of pro-adipogenic transcription factors, downregulated the expression levels of adipocyte-specific proteins. Furthermore, EESF treatment effectively increased the phosphorylation of AMPK and ACC. Conclusions: These results together indicate that EESF has significant effects on the inhibition of adipogenesis and acts by stimulating the AMPK signaling pathway. Further studies will be needed to identify the active compounds in S. japonica.

Subject Areas

Sophora japonica; Adipogenesis; AMPK; 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes

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