Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dendroclimatology in Latin America, State of the Art and Contributions for Understanding Climate Variation

Version 1 : Received: 28 December 2020 / Approved: 30 December 2020 / Online: 30 December 2020 (09:05:44 CET)

How to cite: Sánchez, O.D.; Mendoza, M.E.; Carlón-Allende, T.; Villanueva-Díaz, J. Dendroclimatology in Latin America, State of the Art and Contributions for Understanding Climate Variation. Preprints 2020, 2020120748 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0748.v1). Sánchez, O.D.; Mendoza, M.E.; Carlón-Allende, T.; Villanueva-Díaz, J. Dendroclimatology in Latin America, State of the Art and Contributions for Understanding Climate Variation. Preprints 2020, 2020120748 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0748.v1).

Abstract

Dendroclimatology has gained relevance during the XXI century. We analyze the state of-the-art of dendroclimatology in Latin America during the past 28 years (1990 to 2019), identifying the current state and recent advances in the application of dendroclimatology in this region. We carried out a systematic review in ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus databases using Boolean operators to logically connect the keywords “dendrochronology,” “dendroclimatology,” “trend,” “climatic variability,” and “climatic variability trend”, for each country. Dendroclimatological research conducted in the region focused on climatic reconstruction and the evaluation of new tree species with dendrochronological potential, which increase in 2010, then there was a gap between 1995 and 1996, later increase to present. Dendroclimatological studies in Latin America have been mainly developed in temperate climate zones (82.4 %) followed by tropical or subtropical areas (17.6 %). Dendroclimatological research in Latin America has provided advances in the study of climate variability by defining response functions of tree rings to climate. The generated information allows for a better understanding of the spatial and temporal dynamics of climatic variability and about its effects on ecosystems and society. We also call for increased dendroclimatological research based on subtropical and tropical forests limited studied until today.

Subject Areas

Latin America; tree ring analyses; dendrochronology; climatic trends; climate variability; review

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