Preprint Communication Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

FYN, SARS-CoV-2, and IFITM3 in the Neurobiology of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Regulatory Feedback Loop Governing Tau and Aβ Pathology

Version 1 : Received: 25 December 2020 / Approved: 29 December 2020 / Online: 29 December 2020 (16:47:37 CET)

How to cite: Vavougios, G.; Breza, M.; Nikou, S.; Krogfelt, K. FYN, SARS-CoV-2, and IFITM3 in the Neurobiology of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Regulatory Feedback Loop Governing Tau and Aβ Pathology. Preprints 2020, 2020120739 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0739.v1). Vavougios, G.; Breza, M.; Nikou, S.; Krogfelt, K. FYN, SARS-CoV-2, and IFITM3 in the Neurobiology of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Regulatory Feedback Loop Governing Tau and Aβ Pathology. Preprints 2020, 2020120739 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0739.v1).

Abstract

Introduction IFITM3, an innate immune protein linked to COVID-19 severity, has recently been identified as a novel γ-secretase modulator. Independent research has shown that IFITM3 may facilitate SARS-CoV-2 neurotropism in an ACE2-independent manner. In a previous study, we had detected perturbations in IFITM3 networks in both the CNS and peripheral immune cells donated by AD patients.The purpose of this study is to explore the transcriptomic evidence of the SARS-CoV-2 / IFITM3 / AD interplay, validating previous findings from our group. Methods Exploratory analyses involved meta-analysis of bulk and single cell RNA data for IFITM3 and FYN differential expression. For confirmatory analyses, we performed gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) on an AD gene signature from AD Consensus transcriptomics; using the Enrichr platform, we scrutinized COVID-19 datasets for significant, overlapping enriched biological networks. Results Bulk RNA data analysis revealed that IFITM3 and FYN were differentially expressed in two CNS regions in AD: the temporal cortex (AD vs. Controls, adj.p-value=1.3e-6) and the parahippocampal cortex (AD vs. controls, adj.p-value=0.012). Correspondingly, single cell RNA analysis of IFITM3 and FYN revealed that it was differentially expressed in neuronal cells donated from AD patients (astrocytes, microglia and oligodendrocyte precursor cells), when compared to controls. Discussion IFITM3 and by extent FYN were found as interactors within biological networks overlapping between AD and SARS-CoV-2 infection. SARS-CoV-2 SARS-CoV-2-mediated IFITM3 induction would mechanistically result in increased Aβ production. FYN recruitment by viral processes results in abrogation of both fusion of IFITM3 vesicles with lysosomes; immunoevasion, by FYN-mediated impairment of autophagy would then serve to promote impaired detoxification from Aβ, while propagating Tau pathology in an IFITM3-independent manner.

Supplementary and Associated Material

http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/5bypp2h5kj.1: Mendely Dataset containing Figures and Data from differential gene expression and gene set enrichmet.

Subject Areas

IFITM3; SARS-CoV-2; FYN; SRC Kinases; Alzheimer's Disease

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