Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Predictors of Household Spending on Out-patient Expenses in Kenya

Version 1 : Received: 12 December 2020 / Approved: 15 December 2020 / Online: 15 December 2020 (11:07:21 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Mwenda N, Nduati R, Kosgei M and Kerich G (2021) What Drives Outpatient Care Costs in Kenya? An Analysis With Generalized Estimating Equations. Front. Public Health 9:648465. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.648465 Mwenda N, Nduati R, Kosgei M and Kerich G (2021) What Drives Outpatient Care Costs in Kenya? An Analysis With Generalized Estimating Equations. Front. Public Health 9:648465. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.648465

Journal reference: Frontiers in Public health 2021
DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.648465

Abstract

Spending on out-patient health care by citizens in limited resource countries has received little attention.The purpose of this study is to determine the predictors of household spending on out-patient expenses in a cross-sectional study in Kenya. We applied the GEE methods to determine the effect of various variables on outpatient care. We established that the best predictors for outpatient spending in Kenya are Age of the household head, wealth index, marital status and education, which had the lowest QICu of 976341.2. There were no differences on age in mean spending on outpatient care and was changing in a sinusoidal manner. The rich spend more on outpatient care, due to financial ability. Spending increased across the wealth quantiles while gender had a significant effect in the general performance of the models, it didn’t assist in lowering the QICu

Keywords

GEE; Household-head; outpatient-expense; QICu

Subject

MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCE, Algebra & Number Theory

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