Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Eruption of Mount Ile Lewotolok on November 29, 2020: A Historical Volcanic and Tectonic Seismicity Assessment

Version 1 : Received: 30 November 2020 / Approved: 2 December 2020 / Online: 2 December 2020 (07:59:11 CET)

How to cite: Wibowo, A. Eruption of Mount Ile Lewotolok on November 29, 2020: A Historical Volcanic and Tectonic Seismicity Assessment. Preprints 2020, 2020120046 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0046.v1). Wibowo, A. Eruption of Mount Ile Lewotolok on November 29, 2020: A Historical Volcanic and Tectonic Seismicity Assessment. Preprints 2020, 2020120046 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0046.v1).

Abstract

An eruption of volcano is related to the past volcanic and tectonic seismicity. Recently, on November 29, 2020, a 1423 m Mount Ile Lewotolok in Lembata Island has erupted. In here, this paper aimed to assess the volcanic and tectonic seismicity as determinant factor and precursor of recent Mt Ile Lewotolok eruption. The assessment shows that Mt Ile Lewotolok volcanic activities were characterized by both tectonic and deep volcanic seismicity. Since 2010, mean tectonic quake magnitudes of M 4.133 (95%CI:M 3.205-5.062) have occurred at mean depth of 13.500 km (95%CI:8.201-18.799 km) within a distance of 3-4 km from the summit. Tectonic quake has occurred frequently in southwest of Ile Lewotolok and this has contributed to the past eruptions in 2012 and 2017. Recent eruption has been influenced by deep volcanic seismicity rather than local tectonic. Based on November 2020 record, mean of deep volcanic seismicity frequency was 2.190 events/day (95%CI:1.136-3.243 events/day km) that has outnumbered (ttest=2.665, P=0.013) the events of local tectonic quakes (mean 0.621 events/day; 95%CI:0.142-1.099events/day). Prior to the eruption there was significant increase of deep volcanic seismicity (P=0.023) while local tectonic quake was not showing an increasing trend (P=0.764). This result confirms that the deep volcanic seismicity frequency is a precursor that may trigger the eruption and deep volcanic seismicity data can be used as indicator of volcanic activities.

Subject Areas

deep; eruption; precursor; seismicity; tectonic; volcano

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