Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Youth Exposure to Hate in the Online Space: An Exploratory Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 15 October 2020 / Approved: 16 October 2020 / Online: 16 October 2020 (08:27:29 CEST)

How to cite: Harriman, N.; Shortland, N.; Su, M.; Cote, T.; Testa, M.A.; Savoia, E. Youth Exposure to Hate in the Online Space: An Exploratory Analysis. Preprints 2020, 2020100342 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0342.v1). Harriman, N.; Shortland, N.; Su, M.; Cote, T.; Testa, M.A.; Savoia, E. Youth Exposure to Hate in the Online Space: An Exploratory Analysis. Preprints 2020, 2020100342 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0342.v1).

Abstract

Today’s youth have almost universal access to the internet and frequently engage in social networking activities using various social media platforms and devices. This is a phenomenon that hate groups are exploiting when disseminating their propaganda. This study seeks to better understand youth exposure to hateful material in the online space by exploring predictors of such exposure including demographic characteristics (age, gender and race), academic performance, online behaviours, online disinhibition, risk perception, and parents/guardians’ supervision of online activities. We implemented a cross-sectional study design, using a paper questionnaire, in two high schools in Massachusetts (USA), focusing on students 14 to 19 years old. Logistic regression models were used to study the association between independent variables (demographics, online behaviours, risk perception, parental supervision) and exposure to hate online. Results revealed an association between exposure to hate messages in the online space and time spent online, academic performance, communicating with a stranger on social media, and benign online disinhibition. In our sample, benign online disinhibition was also associated with students’ risk of encountering someone online that tried to convince them of racist views. This study represents an important first step in understanding youth’s risk factors of exposure to hateful material online.

Supplementary and Associated Material

Subject Areas

online hate; hate speech; online disinhibition; online safety

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.