Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Gender Differences in Psychological Symptoms and Psychotherapeutic Processes in Japanese Children

Version 1 : Received: 12 October 2020 / Approved: 13 October 2020 / Online: 13 October 2020 (10:45:13 CEST)

How to cite: Kawai, T.; Suzuki, Y.; Hatanaka, C.; Konakawa, H.; Tanaka, Y.; Uchida, A. Gender Differences in Psychological Symptoms and Psychotherapeutic Processes in Japanese Children. Preprints 2020, 2020100272 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0272.v1). Kawai, T.; Suzuki, Y.; Hatanaka, C.; Konakawa, H.; Tanaka, Y.; Uchida, A. Gender Differences in Psychological Symptoms and Psychotherapeutic Processes in Japanese Children. Preprints 2020, 2020100272 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0272.v1).

Abstract

Gender differences have been documented in the prevalence of psychological symptoms. Tic disorders and ASD are more common in male clinical samples, while selective mutism and trichotillomania are more common in female clinical samples. In a review of 84 published case studies of Japanese children, this study explores gender differences in the prevalence of four categories of symptoms and expressions made in therapy for tics, selective mutism, trichotillomania, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Case studies were evaluated using both qualitative coding and statistical analysis. The findings were mostly consistent with epidemiological surveys and empirical research on adults. The gender differences in symptom prevalence and their expression can be summarized as differences in more direct aggression for boys versus indirect aggression for girls. The objective and progress in the therapy are to control impulsive energy for boys and to express energy for girls.

Subject Areas

Gender Differences; Tic disorder; Selective Mutism; Trichotillomania; Autism Spectrum Disorder; Aggression

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