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Nano- versus Micro-sized TiO2: Comparative Photoelectrochemical and Photocatalytic Studies towards Organic Pollutants Oxidation in Gas Phase
: Received: 18 September 2020 / Approved: 19 September 2020 / Online: 19 September 2020 (05:11:43 CEST)
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.
Journal reference: Catalysts 2021, 11
The size of TiO2 (either nanometric or micrometric) can significantly affect both its photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical properties, thus altering the photooxidation of organic pollutants in air or water. The purpose of this work is to give an account of the photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic features of some nano- and micro-sized TiO2 commercial powders towards a model reaction, the photooxidation of acetone. Cyclic voltammograms (CV) of TiO2 particulated electrodes under UV illumination experiments were carried out in either saturated O2 or N2 solutions for a direct correlation with the photocatalytic process. In addition, the effect of different reaction conditions on the photocatalytic efficiency under UV light in both aqueous and gaseous phases was also investigated. CV curves with the addition of acetone under UV light showed a negative shift of the photocurrent onset, confirming the efficient transfer of photoproduced reactive oxygen species (ROSs), e.g., hydroxyl radicals, or holes to acetone molecules. The photocatalytic experiments showed that the two nano-sized samples exhibit the best photocatalytic performance. The different photoactivity of the micro-sized samples is probably attributed to their morphological differences, affecting both the amount and distribution of free ROSs involved in the photooxidation reaction.
nano- and micro-sized TiO2; photocatalytic efficiency; photoelectrochemical characterization; environmental remediation
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