Li, S.-Y.; Qin, S.-Y.; Xi, X.-J.; Sun, G.-Y.; Yang, W.-S.; Guo, J.; Guo, H.-J. Solidified Structure Refinement of H13 Tool Steel under a Multi-Rotational Speed Super Gravity Field. Metals2020, 10, 1428.
Li, S.-Y.; Qin, S.-Y.; Xi, X.-J.; Sun, G.-Y.; Yang, W.-S.; Guo, J.; Guo, H.-J. Solidified Structure Refinement of H13 Tool Steel under a Multi-Rotational Speed Super Gravity Field. Metals 2020, 10, 1428.
In this paper, the effect of multi-rotational speeds super-gravity field on the grain refinement and tensile properties of as-cast H13 steel were investigated systematically. The experimental results revealed that the as-cast grains of H13 steel can be significantly refined in multi-rotational speeds supergravity field. In conventional supergravity field, with the decrease of rotational radius, the secondary dendrite average spacing (SDAS) and the austenite grain average size (AGAS) increase, and the maximum values of SDAS and AGAS are 90 µm and 55 µm, respectively. while in multi-speeds supergravity fields, at the range of increasing rotational speeds, SDAS and AGAS decrease as the rotational radius decreases. In three-rotational speeds supergravity field, the maximum values of SDAS and AGAS are 80 µm and 50 µm. In five-rotational speeds supergravity field, the maximum values of SDAS and AGAS are reduced to 58 µm and 34 µm. Accordingly, both the tensile strength and the plasticity are enhanced with the increasing the number of rotational speeds in supergravity field, especially for the inner position of supergravity sample. The ultimate tensile strengths at outer, middle, and inner positions of H13 steel solidified in conventional supergravity field are 1445 MPa, 1378 MPa, and 1023 MPa, corresponding elongations of 2%, 1.5%, and 0.5%, while in the five-rotational speeds supergravity field, they are 1408 MPa, 1443 MPa, and 1453 MPa, corresponding elongations of 1.8%, 3.9%, and 2.2%. The mechanism for the grain refinement is that multi-speeds super-gravity can reduce the critical nucleation work of austenite, and the tangential force produced by changing the rotational speeds breaks dendrites at the solidification front, refining solidification structure.
refinement mechanisms; solidification structure; multi-rotational speeds super-gravity field
MATERIALS SCIENCE, Metallurgy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.